Community Updates

2017 Annual Water Quality Report

2017

ANNUAL WATER QUALITY REPORT

FOR

FRUITPORT CHARTER TOWNSHIP

WATER SYSTEM

 

This report covers drinking water quality of the Fruitport Charter Township Water System during the 2017 calendar year.  Included are source water details, what it contains, and how it compares to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) standards.

    In 2016, Fruitport Township purchased water from the City of Muskegon Heights and the City of Muskegon, which treats water from one of the highest quality surface water sources in the world, Lake Michigan.  The DEQ performed an assessment of the source water in 2003 to determine the susceptibility or the relative potential of contamination. The susceptibility rating is on a seven-tiered scale from “very-low” to “very-high” based primarily on geologic sensitivity, water chemistry, and contaminant sources. The source water susceptibility is categorized as moderately high.

       In 2017, Fruitport’s drinking water met all EPA and DEQ drinking water health standards.  Water quality and customer health is the primary concern of the Township’s Utility Department.  Some may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than others.  Immuno-compromised persons, such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the “Safe Drinking Water Hotline” (1-800-426-4791).

     All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  It is important to remember that the presence of these contaminants does not necessarily pose a health risk.  It is just as important to understand that a contaminant, as defined in this report, includes natural elements and compounds as well as synthetic compounds manufactured every day.   Even distilled water is not “pure” water because most distilled water does have very small quantities of “contaminants”. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).

    The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

 

 

 

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

Microbial Contaminants – including viruses and bacteria, may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural operations, and wildlife.

Inorganic Contaminants – including salts and metals, are naturally-occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

Pesticides and Herbicides – can come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses.

Organic Chemical Contaminants – including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.

Radioactive Contaminants –are naturally-occurring or result from oil and gas production and mining activities.

 

To ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which provide the same protection for public health.

Consumer Awareness of Lead

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Fruitport Charter Township is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When water sits idle for several hours, the potential for lead exposure is reduced by flushing the tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested.  Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791 or at http://w.w.w.epa.gov/safewater/lead

     In ongoing efforts to maintain a safe and dependable water supply it may be necessary to make improvements to the water system.  The costs of these improvements will be reflected in the rate structure.  Rate adjustments may be necessary in order to address these improvements.  If you have any questions about this report or water utility, please contact the Utility Office, at 865-3158.  If you want to participate in decisions that affect drinking water, please attend any of the regularly scheduled Township Board meetings, held on the second and fourth Monday of each month at 7:00 p.m. in the Township Hall at 5865 Airline Road.

      In the table on the back page of this report you will find many terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with.  To help you better understand these terms we’ve provided the following definitions:

 

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/l) – one part per million corresponds to one minute in two years, or a single penny in $10,000.00

Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter (μg/l) – one part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

Picocuries per liter (pCi/l) – picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water.

Turbidity – A measure of the cloudiness of the water.  Monitoring turbidity indicates the effectiveness of the filtration system.

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) - A measure of the clarity of the water.  Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.

Action Level (AL) – The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Treatment Technique (TT) – A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) – The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLG’s allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) – The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCL’s are set as close to the MCLG as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Not-Detected (ND) – Laboratory analysis indicates that the contaminant is not present.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL) – The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) – The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLG’s do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

 

Cross Connections: Preventing the threat.

A cross connection is a dangerous piping arrangement which can allow unsafe water, sewage, chemical solutions or other dangerous liquids to enter the drinking water system.  Some suggestions to avoid a cross connection include keeping garden hoses off the ground and out of standing water and eliminating and preventing connection between the public water supply and private well systems.  

     All backflow prevention devices must be tested regularly according to DEQ Rules.  For customers that have backflow prevention devices, please contact the water office for the testing schedule for your device.

     For further information concerning cross connections and the prevention of cross connections, you may contact the Township’s Utility Department at: (231) 865-3158

 

 

 


 

 

TABLE OF DETECTED CONTAMINANTS

                                                                               2017 REGULATED MONITORING AT TREATMENT PLANT

 

SUBSTANCE

 

SAMPLE DATE

 

UNIT

 

RANGE OF

LEVELS

DETECTED

 

HIGHEST

LEVEL

DETECTED

HIGHEST LEVEL ALLOWED MCL OR TT

 

IDEAL LEVELS MCLG

 

VIOLATION

 

 

POSSIBLE SOURCES OF CONTAMINANT

Fluoride

2017

ppm

n/a

0.86

4.0

n/a

No

Added to promote strong teeth; Erosion

Turbidity *

2017

ntu

n/a

0.05

TT

n/a

No

Soil runoff / Lake Sediment

Total Organic Carbon**

2017

ppm

n/a

2.0

TT

n/a

No

Naturally present in the environment

Barium

2017

ppm

n/a

0.02

2

n/a

No

Erosion of natural deposits

 

      *   Turbidity is a measure of the cloudiness of the water. We monitor turbidity because it is a good indicator of water quality

     **   The Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is measured quarterly. Because we remove 25% of the TOC from our source water, we are in compliance.

            

                                                                2017 REGULATED MONITORING IN THE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

 

 

SUBSTANCE

SAMPLE DATE

UNITS

RANGE OF LEVELS DETECTED

HIGHEST ANNUAL RUNNING AVERAGE

HIGHEST LEVEL ALLOWED MCL OR TT

IDEAL

LEVELS

MCLG

SAMPLES EXCEEDING

MCL

 

POSSIBLE SOURCES OF CONTAMINANT

Total Trihalomethanes

2017

ppb

34.1-62

53

80

n/a

NONE

By-product of drinking water chlorination

Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)

2017

ppb

25.7-39.1

36

60

n/a

NONE

By-product of drinking water chlorination

Chlorine Residual

2017

ppm

0.03-1.65

0.94

4

n/a

NONE

Drinking water chlorination

 

                                                                      2017 REGULATED MONITORING AT THE CUSTOMER’S TAP

 

 

SUBSTANCE

 

SAMPLE DATE

 

UNITS

RANGE OF LEVELS DETECTED

 

90TH PERCENTILE

ACTION

LEVEL

(AL)

IDEAL LEVELS MCLG

SAMPLES EXCEEDING (AL)

 

POSSIBLE SOURCES OF CONTAMINANT

Copper * & **

Jan-Jun 2016

ppb

44-160

150

1300

1300

0

Corrosion of household plumbing systems

Lead * & **

Jan-Jun 2016

ppb

0-4.3

1.9

15

0

0

Corrosion of household plumbing systems

Copper * & **

Jul-Dec 2016

ppb

26-84

72

1300

1300

0

Corrosion of household plumbing systems

Lead * & **

Jul-Dec 2016

ppb

0-4.2

1.5

15

0

0

Corrosion of household plumbing systems

 

                                                                  2017 UNREGULATED MONITORING

 

SUBSTANCE

 

SAMPLE DATE

 

 

UNITS

RANGE OF LEVELS DETECTED

HIGHEST LEVEL DETECTED

AVERAGE LEVEL DETECTED

IDEAL

LEVELS

MCLG

SAMPLES

EXCEEDING

MCL

 

POSSIBLE SOURCE OF CONTAMINANT

Sodium

2017

ppm

n/a

10

n/a

n/a

NONE

Erosion of natural deposits; Ice and snow removal

 

*         The MDEQ requires us to monitor for some contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change frequently.

           Some of our data, though representative, are more than one year old.

 

**       Results computed using the 90th percentile level. Monitoring period 09-30-14 to 12-31-